A hearing impairment so severe that the student is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a student’s educational performance.

Health impairments covered include:

A-Z to Deaf Blindness

This website is produced by James Gallagher, a deafblind individual. It is intended to help Blind or deaf people, and especially deafblind people, and those who provide specialised services for those who are deafblind. A-Z to Deafblindness is also intended to make people more aware about deafblindness. Within the website you can learn the Deafblind Manual Alphabet and the Two-Handed Manual Alphabet used by sighted Deaf people.

Activity at Home for Children and Youth Who Are Deafblind

The suggestions in this article are intended for children who range in age from pre-school to high school and who are deafblind with additional disabilities.

American Speech and Hearing Association

The association has a well developed section of information for the public about speech and hearing disorders.

Family Support:

ARC of Washington State

The ARC works to ensure that Americans with developmental and intellectual disabilities have the supports they need to grow, develop and live in communities, including health care, early interventions and a free appropriate public education. For adults their service include employment preparation, job placement, independent living skill training and any other supports needed.

Assistive Technology

  • Great Schools provides information on several assistive technology devices to improve student learning opportunities.
  • The National Center on Universal Design for Learning provides Principles and guidelines for overcoming barriers to learning, including assistive technology supports for students.
  • Special Education Tech Center provides support and resources for any student, preschool through age 21, who formally receives special education services and who may require assistive technology to access their education
  • has a clear description of the process for determining the need and types of assistive technology which may prove helpful for students.

Behavior At Home

This site provides many useful resources for improving challenging behaciors at home.

Center for Change in Transition Services (CCTS)

CCTS provides secondary transition training and technical support to serve eligible students who are in need of post-school transition services.

Center for Parent Information and Resources

The Center pages are designed to put you in quick contact with information that’s readily available on the Internet. Includes resources on: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDDNOS).

Center for Parent Information and Resources

The Center for Parrent Information and Resources provides the definition of HearingImpairments and Deafness under IDEA as well as a variety of resources for parents of children with Hearing Impairments and Deafness.

Center for Parent Information and Resources

Provides the definition, assessment information, tips and resources for parents and teachers.

Center on Secondary Students with Austism Spectrum Disorders

The Center offers a variety of resources for educating students with Autism Spectrum Disorders, including a progress checklist that can be used to assist in the development of transitions services.

CHADD – Washington

Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD) is a national nonprofit organization providing education, advocacy, and support for individuals with AD/HD.

Concordia Online

Sponsored by Concordia University, this website describes and links to 4 educational websites for students with disabilities.

Deaf Blindness: Evaluation Fact Sheet

This fact sheet provides information for families of children with deaf-blindness on critical components of the evaluation process, tied to the “best practices” contained in the Educational Services Guidelines for Students with Deaf-Blindness.

Department of Services for the Blind

Our partners view us as a premiere resource and a national leader in promoting the skills and abilities of people who are blind or have low vision. We team with customers, employers, our communities, and fellow staff to achieve the highest level of customer service.

Described and Captioned Media Program

Provides resources for described and captioned media

Developmental Disabilities Council

The council works to promote the values of self-determination, independence, inclusion, integration, and productivity for people with developmental disabilities.

Disability Fact Sheet 10

People have been labeled as having intellectual disabilities and additional disabilities, which may include movement difficulties, sensory losses, and behavior problems. These people require ongoing, extensive support in more than one major life activity in order to participate in integrated community settings and enjoy the quality of life available to people with fewer or no disabilities.

Disability Rights Washington

Disability Rights Washington (DRW) is a private non-profit organization that protects the rights of people with disabilities statewide.  Our mission is to advance the dignity, equality, and self-determination of people with disabilities.  We work to pursue justice on matters related to human and legal rights.

Division of Developmental Disabilities

DDD strives to develop and implement public policies that will promote individual worth, self-respect, and dignity such that each individual is valued as a contributing member of the community.

Offers information regarding assessing and educating children with orthopedic impairments.

Provides information on the types of learning disabilities, and offers resources for educators and families.

eLearning for Educators

The eLearning for Educators Project provides statewide access to affordable online courses designed to support K-12 educators in serving students with disabilities.


  • Do2learn provides thousands of free pages with social skills and behavioral regulation activities and guidance, learning songs and games, communication cards, academic material, and transition guides for employment and life skills. In addition, we offer premier products including View2do, JobTIPS, FACELAND, books, and apps for purchase.

Family Guidance

These pages are dedicated to providing students and families with information about special education, to ensuring that students and families know about their rights, and to answer questions they may have about how the process works.

Family Guidance on Special Ed Services

OSPI has developed a feature on their website offering guidance for families about Special Education Services. Special education includes related services determined necessary for the student to benefit their individualized education program (IEP), as well as access to the general education.

Father’s Network

The Washington State Father’s Network provides a broad array of resources, including support programs, web page, newsletter, 1:1 relationships, regional and statwide conferences and technical assistance and training to agencies and organizations.

Governor’s Committee on Disabilities and Employment

Mission – The committee, pursuant to Executive Order 87-08, shall serve as a disability minority advocate. It shall identify for attention the issues and concerns pertaining to the rights and needs of all persons of disability and shall work to empower such individuals to take control over their own lives. The committee advises the governor, legislature, state agencies, the business community, organized labor, other public and private organizations, and the general public on disability issues and concerns, and make recommendations to address those concerns, with emphasis on increasing opportunities for independence and employment.
Vision – The Governor’s Committee on Disability Issues and Employment is a nationally recognized leader in promoting equality, opportunity, independence, and full participation in life for persons with disabilities. Members strive to promote the diversity of persons with disabilities by representing the widest possible range of constituent groups, geographical perspectives, ethnic origins and cultural heritages.

Great Schools

Provides information for parents to help students develop basic skills including, organizational skills, homework and other essential skills for improved school performance; including assistance for parents which enables them to provide children help in homework, test taking and notetaking.

Health Education Resource Exchange

Provides The Autism Guidebook for Washington State: A Resource for Individuals, Families and Individuals on Autism Spectrum.

High School

IEP Guide

This mini-guide provides information for families of children with deaf-blindness on critical components of the IEP development process, tied to the “best practices” contained in the Educational Services Guidelines for Students with Deaf-Blindness.

Individualized Education Program (IEP) meetings

What is an IEP meeting?  An IEP meeting is a meeting between the school district personnel and the parents/caregivers or adult student to decide the special education and related services that a student will recieve. The IEP is a document which is designed to clearly communicate to the parents, the student, and providers the type and amount of special education and any necessary related services or supports that will be made available to the student.  The most recent evaluation report is used to develop the IEP.  The IEP is individualized to reflect the unique needs of the student and how these needs will be addressed to permit the student to be included and progress in the general education curriculum. Sample State Forms for the Individual Educational Program proivde additional insight into the contents of the IEP.

These two IEP forms provide clear expectations for the content of the IEP and the purpose for each section.

International Dyslexia Association

Washington Branch
The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping individuals with dyslexia, their families, and the communities that support them.

Learning Disabilities Association of America

Washington Chapter
LDA is the largest nonprofit volunteer organization advocating for individuals with learning disabilities and has over 200 state and local affiliates in 42 states and Puerto Rico.

Learning Disabilities Association of America

Has extensive information and resources for parents of students with learning disabilities, including educational practices. The association provides in depth information on different types of learning disabilities. articles on diagnosing learning disabilies and the provision of special education services.

Legal Assistance

The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction provides a listing of assistance organizations and attorneys who provide legal assistance for special education students and their families.

Living with Autism

The Autism Society of America has developed in-depth information on a variety of topics related to living with autism. The information is by no means exhaustive, but it should help to equip families with some of the basic tools they may need to successfully raise a child with autism.

Managing ADD/HD

A series of articles provided by Great Schools to support families and others working with students with Attention Deficit or Hyperactive Disorders.

Improving Behaviors

Managing Your Child’s Behavior

Great Schools offers parents information on changing your child’s behaviors, managing resistent behaviors and reinforcin positive changes.

Middle School

My Child Without Limits

This site provides information on the definition and causses of developmental delays, as well as how developmental delays are diagnosed and treated.

Improving Academics

National Center for Learning Disabilities

Provides information to assist parents to work with their child and the school to improve academic performance. The information is listed under Topics by Age and is divided into Early Learning (preK), Grades K-8, and grades 9-12. For High School students the center provides information to assist students with self advocacy and preparation for life after High School.

National Center on Deaf Blindness

The NationalCenter on Deaf Blindness has a variety of resources and supports for families with members who are deafblind, including articles, blogs, information and training.

National Center on Deaf-Blindness

As a national technical assistance center funded by the federal Department of Education, NCDB works to improve the quality of life for children who are deaf-blind and their families.

National Federation of the Blind

The NFB improves blind people’s lives through advocacy, education, research, technology, and programs encouraging independence and self-confidence.

National Institute of Health

The National Institute of Health provides information on all types of hearing losses and offers resources for medical interventions.

Office of the Education Ombudsman

The Education Ombudsmen offer a variety of services for parents and educators. They help resolve problems between families and their schools, provide resources and information. The ombudsman’s office has many downloadable pamphlets on education in Washington State.

Parent Information and Resource Center

Provides information and resources for families with children who have Developmental Delays.

Parent Information and Resource Center

The Center provides the IDEA definition of Visual Impairment, as well as information on the assessment and educational practices for students with visual impairments.

Parent Resource and Information Center

Offers information on Traumatic Brain Injuries as well as tips and resources for parents.

Parent to Parent

Parent to Parent provides emotional support and information to families
of children with special needs and/or disabilities.

Parenting Advice

Parenting Advice provides information for parents on a variety of parenting issues including building self esteem and resiliency in children.

Understood.Org provides support and information for parents dealing with children with Learning and Attention issues, including parent support for Teen and Tween youth as they begin dating and working..

Parents’ Rights & Responsibilities

Parents of students eligible for special education services have legal rights which are defined in Federal and State regulations. Parent rights fall into three general categories:

  • The right to be notified of any actions taken by the district regarding special education.
  • The right to consent or refuse consent for evaluation and provision of special education.
  • The right to resolve disagreements with the district using due process procedures.

In addition the student has a right to a Free Appropriate Public Education.

In Washington State the regulations are in the Washington Administrative Code (WAC). All special education regulations begin with 392-172A and then have an extension of numbers identifying each regulation. These regulations define the parents’ rights, the students’ rights and other regulations which direct the actions of school districts.


Washington PAVE is a parent directed organization that works with families, individuals with disabilities, professionals and community members.Since 1979, PAVE has provided information, training and support for over 1,000,000 individuals with disabilities, parents and professionals.

Planning for a meeting about your child

Planning ahead for an individualized meeting about your child’s behavior needs will help you explain your own ideas about the best way to help your child in addition to listening to the ideas of others.

Planning for College and Alternatives:

Great Schools offers advice and strategies for parents helping teens prepare for transition into education after High School.

The DO-IT Project Scholars prepares young people with disabilities for college, careers, independent living, and leadership roles in society. DO-IT Scholars:

  • explore careers and the world of work.
  • learn to select and use adaptive technology, applications software, and Internet resources.
  • experience college life on a university campus in the summer.
  • learn about reasonable accommodations at school and in the workplace.
  • network with peers and working professionals with disabilities.
  • gain requisite knowledge to enter and succeed in college and challenging careers.
  • participate in leadership opportunties that promote accessible environments, worksites, and community activities.

If any of the terminology in these resources leaves you wondering what it means, you might find help in the Lexicon of Learning.  This online dictionary, a Lexicon of Learning, provides clear definitions of education terms in everyday language.

And, of course, if you have questions or cannot find the resource you are looking for, please Contact Us.

Positive Behavior Intervention Supports

A major advance in school-wide discipline is the emphasis on school-wide systems of support that include proactive strategies for defining, teaching, and supporting appropriate student behaviors to create positive school environments.

Procedural Safeguards

The OSPI Procedural Safeguards, adopted August 2007, is a document for parents, surrogate parents, and adult students. The school district that provides your child with special education services is required by federal law, Individuals with Disabilities Act – IDEA, to provide you with written notice of your procedural safeguards, and provide sources to help you understand them.

Program/Agency Descriptions

Provides information on agencies who provide resources for students with visual impairments.


Successful adaptations for effective use of touch with children who are deafblind.

Special Education Guide

Provides general information and tips for parents and educators.

Support and Services provided by OSPI:

Special Education Rules

The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction creates the Washington State Special Education rules in compliance with Federal Regulations. OSPI adopted final regulations June 29, 2007.
Dispute Resolution:
Parents and school districts are encouraged to work together to try to resolve disagreements that affect a student’s special education program at the lowest possible level. There will be occasions when a parents and the district are not able to resolve differences through direct communication, there are more formal dispute resolution options available.

Special Education Support Center

The Special Education Support Center provides information and best practices through statewide training and technical assistance to families, educators, and organizations in order to meet the needs of students with disabilities.

Special Education Technology Center (SETC)

The SETC provides training, consultation, technology loans and resource information to help school districts and families implement assistive technology (AT) interventions in addressing the learning needs of children with disabilities.

State Needs Projects

OSPI Special Education funds six state needs projects. These projects collectively provide statewide capacity building through: Professional development opportunities; Technical Assistance; and Consultation and training for parents, families, and educators.

State Special Education Forms

The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction has prepared sample state forms for district use. Districts are not required to use these forms, but they must incorporate all of the elements in their own forms. These forms provide information about the purpose of the form and give specific examples of the information required in each area.

Teaching Students with Visual Impairments

Students with visual impairments have enormous potential to succeed in the educational setting, but it requires a knowledgeable staff who provide appropriate services and support.


Provides information regarding the diagnosis of intellectual disabilities and resources available to children and their families.

The Center for Parent Information & Resources

The Center offers a clear description of the variety of speech and language disorders affecting children and youth. The Center provides the IDEA definition which enables students to qualify for speech and language services as well as tips for teachers and parents.

The Center for Parent Information and Resources

Provides information about hearing losses as well as resources for parents who have children with hearing impairments.


  • Transition is the process students and their families use to think about life after high school, to identify their desired outcomes, and to plan their community and school experiences to assure that the students acquire the knowledge and skills to achieve their goals.

United Cerebral Palsy

UCP educates, advocates and provides support services to ensure a life without limits for people with a spectrum of disabilities. UCP works to advance the independence.

Washington Sensory Disability Services

WSDS assists children who are deaf or hard of hearing, blind or visually impaired, or deaf-blind, by providing training and other support to families and service providers.

Washington Sensory Disability Services (WSDS)

WSDS supports individuals aged birth to 21 who are deaf, hard of hearing, blind, visually impaired, or deaf-blind, by providing training and other resources to service providers and families.

Washington State Department of Social and Health Services

An integrated organization of high-performing programs working in partnership for statewide impact to help transform lives. The Department’s mission is to improve the safety and health of individuals, families and communities by providing leadership and establishing and participating in partnerships.  Includes Family Financial Support augments the Tool Kit on Teaching and Assessing Students with Disabilities. They offer a collection of resources including assessment, instructional practices, behavior, and accommodations. These documents were written specifically for parents and include information they need as they work with schools to ensure that their children are receiving a quality education. These materials provide information that will help parents become active and informed participants in IEP discussions and other decision making meetings that support students with disabilities and their families.

Washington State Division of Vocational Rehabilitation

DVR believes employment contributes to a person’s ability to live independently and everyone has a right to work. Our purpose is to empower people with disabilities to achieve a greater quality of life by obtaining and maintaining employment.

Washington State Special Education Coalition

The Washington State Special Education Coalition is a coalition of parents, advocacy groups and educational organizations who are dedicated to supporting the needs of special education students in Washington State Schools.

Washington Sensory Disabilities Services

WSDS provides resources, support and training to families and educators.

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